altair.WindowTransform

class altair.WindowTransform(window=Undefined, frame=Undefined, groupby=Undefined, ignorePeers=Undefined, sort=Undefined, **kwds)

WindowTransform schema wrapper

Mapping(required=[window])

Attributes:
window : List(WindowFieldDef)

The definition of the fields in the window, and what calculations to use.

frame : List(anyOf(None, float))

A frame specification as a two-element array indicating how the sliding window should proceed. The array entries should either be a number indicating the offset from the current data object, or null to indicate unbounded rows preceding or following the current data object. The default value is [null, 0], indicating that the sliding window includes the current object and all preceding objects. The value [-5, 5] indicates that the window should include five objects preceding and five objects following the current object. Finally, [null, null] indicates that the window frame should always include all data objects. If you this frame and want to assign the same value to add objects, you can use the simpler join aggregate transform. The only operators affected are the aggregation operations and the first_value, last_value, and nth_value window operations. The other window operations are not affected by this.

Default value: : [null, 0] (includes the current object and all preceding objects)

groupby : List(FieldName)

The data fields for partitioning the data objects into separate windows. If unspecified, all data points will be in a single window.

ignorePeers : boolean

Indicates if the sliding window frame should ignore peer values (data that are considered identical by the sort criteria). The default is false, causing the window frame to expand to include all peer values. If set to true, the window frame will be defined by offset values only. This setting only affects those operations that depend on the window frame, namely aggregation operations and the first_value, last_value, and nth_value window operations.

Default value: false

sort : List(SortField)

A sort field definition for sorting data objects within a window. If two data objects are considered equal by the comparator, they are considered “peer” values of equal rank. If sort is not specified, the order is undefined: data objects are processed in the order they are observed and none are considered peers (the ignorePeers parameter is ignored and treated as if set to true ).

__init__(window=Undefined, frame=Undefined, groupby=Undefined, ignorePeers=Undefined, sort=Undefined, **kwds)

Methods

__init__([window, frame, groupby, …])
copy([deep, ignore]) Return a copy of the object
from_dict(dct[, validate, _wrapper_classes]) Construct class from a dictionary representation
from_json(json_string[, validate]) Instantiate the object from a valid JSON string
resolve_references([schema]) Resolve references in the context of this object’s schema or root schema.
to_dict([validate, ignore, context]) Return a dictionary representation of the object
to_json([validate, ignore, context, indent, …]) Emit the JSON representation for this object as a string.
validate(instance[, schema]) Validate the instance against the class schema in the context of the rootschema.
validate_property(name, value[, schema]) Validate a property against property schema in the context of the
copy(deep=True, ignore=())

Return a copy of the object

Parameters:
deep : boolean or list, optional

If True (default) then return a deep copy of all dict, list, and SchemaBase objects within the object structure. If False, then only copy the top object. If a list or iterable, then only copy the listed attributes.

ignore : list, optional

A list of keys for which the contents should not be copied, but only stored by reference.

from_dict(dct, validate=True, _wrapper_classes=None)

Construct class from a dictionary representation

Parameters:
dct : dictionary

The dict from which to construct the class

validate : boolean

If True (default), then validate the input against the schema.

_wrapper_classes : list (optional)

The set of SchemaBase classes to use when constructing wrappers of the dict inputs. If not specified, the result of cls._default_wrapper_classes will be used.

Returns:
obj : Schema object

The wrapped schema

Raises:
jsonschema.ValidationError :

if validate=True and dct does not conform to the schema

from_json(json_string, validate=True, **kwargs)

Instantiate the object from a valid JSON string

Parameters:
json_string : string

The string containing a valid JSON chart specification.

validate : boolean

If True (default), then validate the input against the schema.

**kwargs :

Additional keyword arguments are passed to json.loads

Returns:
chart : Chart object

The altair Chart object built from the specification.

resolve_references(schema=None)

Resolve references in the context of this object’s schema or root schema.

to_dict(validate=True, ignore=None, context=None)

Return a dictionary representation of the object

Parameters:
validate : boolean or string

If True (default), then validate the output dictionary against the schema. If “deep” then recursively validate all objects in the spec. This takes much more time, but it results in friendlier tracebacks for large objects.

ignore : list

A list of keys to ignore. This will not passed to child to_dict function calls.

context : dict (optional)

A context dictionary that will be passed to all child to_dict function calls

Returns:
dct : dictionary

The dictionary representation of this object

Raises:
jsonschema.ValidationError :

if validate=True and the dict does not conform to the schema

to_json(validate=True, ignore=[], context={}, indent=2, sort_keys=True, **kwargs)

Emit the JSON representation for this object as a string.

Parameters:
validate : boolean or string

If True (default), then validate the output dictionary against the schema. If “deep” then recursively validate all objects in the spec. This takes much more time, but it results in friendlier tracebacks for large objects.

ignore : list

A list of keys to ignore. This will not passed to child to_dict function calls.

context : dict (optional)

A context dictionary that will be passed to all child to_dict function calls

indent : integer, default 2

the number of spaces of indentation to use

sort_keys : boolean, default True

if True, sort keys in the output

**kwargs

Additional keyword arguments are passed to json.dumps()

Returns:
spec : string

The JSON specification of the chart object.

validate(instance, schema=None)

Validate the instance against the class schema in the context of the rootschema.

validate_property(name, value, schema=None)

Validate a property against property schema in the context of the rootschema