This website is for version 5. You can find the documentation for version 4 here.

Join Aggregate#

The Join Aggregate transform acts in almost every way the same as an Aggregate transform, but the resulting aggregate is joined to the original dataset. To make this more clear, consider the following dataset:

import pandas as pd
import numpy as np

rand = np.random.RandomState(0)

df = pd.DataFrame({
    'label': rand.choice(['A', 'B', 'C'], 10),
    'value': rand.randn(10),
      label     value
    0     A -0.173070
    1     B -1.761652
    2     A -0.087673
    3     B  1.366879
    4     B  1.125314
    5     C -0.358996
    6     A  1.220608
    7     C -1.339496
    8     A  0.428373
    9     A -0.123463

Here is a pandas operation that is equivalent to Altair’s Aggregate transform, using the mean as an example:

mean = df.groupby('label').mean().reset_index()
      label     value
    0     A  0.252955
    1     B  0.243514
    2     C -0.849246

And here is an output that is equivalent to Altair’s Join Aggregate:

pd.merge(df, mean, on='label', suffixes=['', '_mean'])
      label     value  value_mean
    0     A -0.173070    0.252955
    1     B -1.761652    0.243514
    2     A -0.087673    0.252955
    3     B  1.366879    0.243514
    4     B  1.125314    0.243514
    5     C -0.358996   -0.849246
    6     A  1.220608    0.252955
    7     C -1.339496   -0.849246
    8     A  0.428373    0.252955
    9     A -0.123463    0.252955

Notice that the join aggregate joins the aggregated value with the original dataframe, such that the aggregated values can be used in tandem with the original values if desired.

Here is an example of how the join aggregate might be used: we compare the IMDB and Rotten Tomatoes movie ratings, normalized by their mean and standard deviation, which requires calculations on the joined data:

import altair as alt
from vega_datasets import data

    'datum.IMDB_Rating != null  && datum.Rotten_Tomatoes_Rating != null'
    IMDB_Deviation="(datum.IMDB_Rating - datum.IMDB_mean) / datum.IMDB_std",
    Rotten_Tomatoes_Deviation="(datum.Rotten_Tomatoes_Rating - datum.RT_mean) / datum.RT_std"

Transform Options#

The transform_joinaggregate() method is built on the JoinAggregateTransform class, which has the following options:

Click to show table






The data fields for partitioning the data objects into separate groups. If unspecified, all data points will be in a single group.



The definition of the fields in the join aggregate, and what calculations to use.